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The Life of Trujillo 727

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The Most Amazing Way to Travel - Auschwitz Salt Mine Trips, A Day

After the defeat in the September Campaign of 1939, when Polish soldiers had tried to repel the German invasion, town of Oswiecim as well as the surrounding areas were incorporated inside the Third Reich. As well its name was changed to Auschwitz. After 1939, in the SS and Police Headquarters in Wroclaw (Braslau), the thought of establishing a concentration camp had already been proposed. The state run justification for this plan scaled like the overcrowding with the existing prisons in Silesia, and so on the necessity of conducting further waves of mass arrest among the Polish inhabitants each Silesia as well as the most German-occupied Poland.

Several special committees were convened, whose task it had been to take into consideration one of the most favorable location for this type of camp. The best choice fell upon the deserted pre-war Polish barracks in Oswiecim. Situated some distance out of the built up part of the town, they might very easily be expanded and isolated externally world. Take into consideration not without significance was the convenient position of Oswiecim - an import and railway junction - inside existing communications network.

The order to proceed with intends to found a camp was handed in April 1940, and Rudolf Hoss was appointed its first commandant. On June 14, 1940, the Gestapo dispatched the initial political prisoners to KL Auschwitz - 728 Poles from Tarnow. Initially the camp comprised 20 buildings - 14 at ground level and 6 having an upper floor. During the period from 1941 to 1942 another story was put into all ground-floor buildings and eight new blocks were constructed, using the prisoners because labor pool. Altogether the camp now contained 28 one-story buildings ( excluding kitchens, storehouses etc. ) The normal quantity of prisoners fluctuated between 13-16.000, reaching at one stage ( during 1942 ) accurate documentation total of 20.000 people. These folks were accommodated from the blocks, where even cellares and lofts were put to use for this reason.



As the number of inmates increased, the location covered by the camp also, grew, until it had been become a big and horrific factory of death. The monstrosity in Oswiecim - KL Auschwitz I - took over as the parent or "Stammlager" into a whole generation of latest camps. In 1941 regarding an extra camp, later called Auschwitz II-Birkenau, was commenced in the village of Brzezinka 3 kilometers away as well as in 1942 the camping ground in Monowice near Oswiecim-KL Auschwitz III-was established around the territory of the German chemical plant IG-Farbenindustrie. Furthermore, through the years 1942-1944, about 40 smaller branches of the Auschwitz complex came into being these fell underneath the jurisdiction of KL Auschwitz III and were situated mainly near steelworks, mines and factories, where prisoners were exploited as cheap labour.

The camp in Oswiecim ( KL Auschwitz I) as well as in Brzezinka (KL Auschwitz II - Birkenau) are maintained as museums ready to accept people. The main constructions and objects in Birkenau include the remnants of four crematoria, gas chambers and cremation pits and pyres, the special unloading platform were the deportees were selected and also a pond with human ashes. In Auschwitz this kind of construction will be the "Death block."

Furthermore in both camps are very well preserved blocks as well as a section of prisoners barracks, the main entrance gates towards the camps, sentry watch towers along with barbed wire fences. A number of the constructions destroyed through the Nazis were rebuilt through the original elements - as an example the ovens within the crematorium I. Some objects were completely destroyed with the SS obliterating the traces of their crimes. From the cases of special importance the constructions were reproduced from the museum and put into exactly the same area because they were during the presence of the Auschwitz camp. Most importantly these are the basic "Death wall" and also the collective gallows on the role-call ground.

The prison blocks within the camp at Auschwitz contain exhibitions portraying the historical past of Auschwitz or tracing the torments from the nations whose citizens were murdered here. Over the main gate at Auschwitz - whereby the prisoners passed on a daily basis on their way to be effective (returning 12 hours or even more later) there is a cynical inscription: "Arbeit macht frei" (Work brings freedom). and so on small square from the kitchen the camp ground orchestra would play marsches, mustering the a large number of prisoners in order that they may be counted more effectively with the SS.

That is the short details about a camp along with what you may expect when you go there.

Salt Mine in Wieliczka is another part tours in one day.

Wieliczka Salt Mine near Krakow remembers the periods from the Ancient. It one of several world's oldest salt mine on earth. Here is the only mining facility on the globe functioning continuously since the Dark ages to the present, allowing the evolution of mining technology in several historical periods. Wieliczka Salt Mine is approximately 300 km of excavation on 9 levels, the first which - the degree of Bono - visits a depth of 64 meters, while the latter lies 327 meters beneath the surface. Total length of sidewalks, connecting about 3000 excavation (sidewalks, ramps, service chambers, lakes, wells, shafts), exceeds 300 km. The tourist route is 3 km, contains 20 chambers at depths from 64 to 135 meters.

Check out about Auschwitz tour from Krakow you can check this resource.

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